Decentralized air conditioning systems

DOI: 10.17586/1606‑4313‑2020‑19‑4-37-44
UDC 628.8+697.9

Decentralized air conditioning systems

Kochenkov N.V. , Salman A.S.S.

For citation: Kochenkov N. V., Salman A. S. S. Decentralized air conditioning systems. Journal of International Academy of Refrigeration. 2020. No 4. p. 37–44. DOI: 10.17586/1606‑4313‑2020‑19‑4-37-44

The material of the article is based on the theoretical provisions developed by Prof. A.A. Rymkevich for the implementation of which in the corresponding engineering techniques their further development is required. A decentralized air conditioning system (ACS) is considered for an object that includes two rooms or two working zones within one room with different types of loads. To formalize these loads, initial thermodynamic schemes (ITS) are used, which are described analytically (equations are not given here), and for a visual representation of ITS, an I-d diagram of the moist air is used. The pros and cons of single-zone ACS are disclosed, which are taken as the basic version. This means the energy costs consumed for heat and humidity treatment of air in these ACS are the reference values to which one should strive when comparing them with similar values of costs for other competing ACS options. Decentralized, multi-zonal and combined ACS are considered as competing options for ACS. The fundamental difference between these options is shown. The article deals only with decentralized ACS, which include a central system where the outside air is processed, and a local system that processes the recirculated air in the room. The tasks solved by local ACS are disclosed, depending on which these systems are divided according to their functional characteristics (i.e., according to the task or function they perform) into two groups: adjacent systems and (zonal) closers, the fundamental difference between which is in their influence on the change in loads in the premises, and consequently, on the ITS position change on the I-d diagram. It is shown which recirculation systems can perform the functions of adjacent systems and how they should be selected for decentralized ACS. The mechanisms of combining ITS of premises by means of adjacent systems into a common ITS are disclosed on the example of one of the combined computational zones. The content of the concept "the room is oriented towards central air conditioning" is revealed. The style of presentation of the material and the terminology used correspond to the works of prof. A.A. Rymkevich.

Keywords: single-zone and decentralized air conditioning systems (ACS), local and adjacent systems, closers, competing ACS options, single and different loads, central air conditioning, initial thermodynamic scheme.

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